Deliverables

D03.1: Modelling of Structure

The objectives of this Deliverable are the development of tools for the generation of: (a) Computer-based 3D graphics model based on available information about affected critical infrastructure; (b) 3D simulation based on the scenario developed in WP02, using models of critical infrastructure. Thereby, the Deliverable contributes to the overall goal of this Work Package, i.e., the development of a library of 3D models in order to assist first responders in their training for improved crisis management, as well as assessing risks on scene in complex, large scale catastrophic incidents.The methodology applied adheres to incident-based modelling, i.e., actual catastrophic events of the past are used to provide a realistic input for the parameters to be modelled, and science-based modelling by detailing the underlying physics of blast effects on man and structures. Different software was used for modelling in order to reflect the future practical application of the models.

 

For the preparatory phase in crisis management (e.g., for training purposes and business continuity plans), a 3ds-MAX model of a virtual chemical facility CHEMCO was generated. The 3D CHEMCO model – a dynamic, movie-like sequence of scenes – enables the user to carry out a detailed camera-drive through the facility. Thereby, first responders and/or crisis managers can familiarize themselves with the facility in great detail prior to an incident and train for possible scenarios. For the practical application on scene of an incident, HEXDAM/VEXDAM software was used to develop generic models corresponding to the EU Critical Infrastructure (CI) components. Based on the analysis of examples of CI systems in Member States, generic 3D models were developed for typical structures in the CI categories Power Plant, Financial Centre, LNG Terminal, Railway Station, Subway Station and Airport.

 

The methods presented can be applied to model a natural-, technical-, natech- and maltech catastrophe. In some of these cases computer modelling is the only feasible way to prepare for events of such magnitude, since simulating them in an exercise may represent either an unacceptable risk to all participants, or result in unreasonably high environmental damages and/or cost.

 

 

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